Source: Unsplash

A History of Fairies: From Temptresses to Tinkers

Fairies, folklore and fantasy. Eve analyses the significance of fairies from ancient mythology to modern day literature.

This Halloween, fairies have been everywhere. I’ve seen wings fluttering all over TikTok, bouncing around the Union, and even hanging up on my wall (don’t worry, Sallies’ staff, I used command hooks!). Clearly, fairy fandom is undergoing a serious revival.  

But who really are these mystical creatures? From where did we get today’s whimsical image of pixies floating around an enchanted tree?  

Well, far from our modern-day vision of pastoral idealism, fairy-lore is actually enmeshed by a palpable sense of threat. A long lineage of mythology, dating back to Ancient Persia, has seen fairies emerge as temptresses, fallen angels with destructive intent. 

Source: Unsplash

In Old Norse belief, fairies are depicted as tiny, supernatural creatures who live in the crags of rocks, gathering masses of gold and often acting malevolently towards unsuspecting humans. Though pretty on the exterior, if mistreated, these little beings could destroy a whole family’s prosperity and cause disruption in the domestic sphere. 

In Celtic tradition, fairies are equally disruptive. Cast down from heaven due to excessive pride, they too possess a combination of childlike goodness and satanical evil. Their delicate, perfectly formed bodies and flaxen hair easily seduces men, who they enchant through song and dance. Unlike Walt Disney’s well-wishing Flora, Fauna and Merryweath, these fairies don’t even have qualms about messing with innocent babies, abducting them and swapping in their own kind.  

By the medieval period, Irish fear of these ill-willed, miniature temptresses was so great that people stopped referring to them by name, instead alluding to ‘little people’.  

What’s worse, as myths of beguiling fairies travelled down the generations, they routinely found themselves contorted into vehicles for female oppression.  

Though magical nymphs and pixies feature heavily in Renaissance artwork, in the early modern period, any association with fairies could see a woman burned at the stake for witchcraft. Healer Alison Pearson, for example, was executed in Edinburgh in 1588 for claiming to have visited a ‘faery court’.  

Even as late as the nineteenth century, fairies were used to spear-head the damaging female seductress archetype. In La Belle Dame sans Merci, for example, John Keats characterizes an alluring ‘faery’s child’ who enchants an unsuspecting knight, before leaving him to fade away in the cold like a dying flower. Here, as in many other tales of feminine magic, there is a thinly veiled sense of unease surrounding Patriarchal disruption in the supernatural realm. 

Source: Unsplash

It’s only at the start of the twentieth century that a more friendly image of fun-loving fairies, frolicking in meadows, streams and ancient trees, starts to emerge. With the rising tide of industrialisation and imperialism grew a dewy-eyed fantasy for the unruly, mischievous characters of old mythology.  

Parents across Europe started encouraging their children to leave teeth out for the tooth-fairy and the fairytale genre saw a huge resurgence. In the post-WW2 books of Enid Blyton and films of Walt Disney, endearing young sprites like Tinkerbell and Silky the Fairy soared to popularity, encouraging a new generation of youngsters to whisper, ‘I do believe in fairies, I do, I do’. 

And now, as we face the sanitized world induced by the coronavirus pandemic, Gen-Z has also become entranced by these nostalgic emblems of natural wildness and innocence. On TikTok, #fairycore now has 1 billion views and, on Instagram, over 6 million people have used #fairy in their captions. 

Though seemingly superficial, this trend just might be an important symbol of a growing societal desire for fun and freedom. And so, as we return to a much-anticipated ‘new normal’, it’s hard not to question just what twists and turns fairy-lore will take next. 

Will the ancient myth of tiny, supernatural beings continue to flourish anew? Or, will tinkers and flower-fairies alike waft into cultural obscurity? 

 

Comments

comments

8 thoughts on “A History of Fairies: From Temptresses to Tinkers

  1. Simply wanna input on few general things, The website pattern is perfect, the articles is rattling superb. “In business school classrooms they construct wonderful models of a nonworld.” by Peter Drucker.

  2. The next time I read a blog, I hope that it doesnt disappoint me as much as this one. I mean, I know it was my choice to read, but I actually thought youd have something interesting to say. All I hear is a bunch of whining about something that you could fix if you werent too busy looking for attention.

  3. This blog is definitely rather handy since I’m at the moment creating an internet floral website – although I am only starting out therefore it’s really fairly small, nothing like this site. Can link to a few of the posts here as they are quite. Thanks much. Zoey Olsen

  4. Thanks a bunch for sharing this with all of us you actually know what you are talking about! Bookmarked. Kindly also visit my site =). We could have a link exchange agreement between us!

Leave a Reply

Your email address will not be published. Required fields are marked *

The Stand